OER4Schools/Facilitation/Levels of Participation
|Title||Levels of Participation|
|Topic|| OER4Schools, Teacher Education Resources for Sub-Saharan Africa
This resource is part of the OER4Schools programme.
Sherry Arnstein, writing in 1969 about citizen involvement in planning in the United States, described an eight-step ladder of participation. David Wilcox altered this to five stances. The "five stances of participation" are:
- Deciding together
- Acting together
- Supporting independent community interests
You can read more about this here: (info).