Using Models and Modeling in Science

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Teachers use models to help pupils make sense of their observations

About. This 23-page study unit offers practical examples of using models for teaching science. It distinguishes between analogies such as 'energy as money' and 'digestive enzymes as scissors' and models such as using spheres to show day and night. It tells about different types of model as tools for explaining ideas. The final major part of the unit looks at using 'models' to give students an opportunity to write at length.

Pedagogical content. This resource describes the types of models(tool) that are useful in science teaching, distinguishing between scientific models and teaching models. Using numerous examples, it highlights each model's strengths and limitations. (edit)

Resource details
Title Using Models & Modelling in Science
Topic Models
Learning Objectives

The document include activities and practical examples with the objective that you should see ways to use models effectively in science lessons, and select models with a critical eye.

Format / structure

one complete 28-page DfES document (Ref: DfES 0700-2004 G) in editable format (.doc)

Age of students / grade
Table of contents

  • Why is using a range of models effective? (Available separately)
  • When to use different models.
  • Modelling and scientific writing;
  • Demonstrations in science teaching

Related ORBIT Wiki Resources

See other DfEScience(i) resources

Files and resources to view and download